Five Basic Steps Of Skin Care By Dr. Surbhi, MD ( Part 2)

skin care

Next Steps For Your Skin Care


  1. Day cream with sun protection:

Sun exposure leads to dark spots, patches in pigmented skin plus redness in sensitive skin, oil secretion in oily skin, dryness in dry skin and wrinkles in all skin types. Thus, sunscreens with a SPF of 15  should be a routine and is enough for  indoor while SPF of at least 30 is required once you step out. Apply a protective layer of sunscreen on face at least 15 to 20 minutes before going out and repeat 2-3 times throughout the day.

 Dry skin types usually like sunscreen because of their oily nature. However, those with oily or combination skin types will avoid sunscreens because it gives a greasy look and increases pimples. Here is a simple trick for you… buy sunscreen in gel or thin lotion base or dab a bit of face powder around 15 minutes after applying sunscreen to achieve that matte look. Sensitive skin types get breakouts and irritation with chemical sunscreens and usually tolerate sunscreens that contain zinc or titanium dioxide only. To know more about sunscreens and other methods of sun protection, read my blog “summer skin care.”

Dry skin types might need another coat of moisturizer after sometime.  Apply thick creams if your skin feels dry and a lighter cream or lotion if your skin is slightly dry.  The frequency  will depend on the feel of your skin.  If you feel tightness, then your skin needs a moisturizer.

  1. Night cream:

Night is an ideal time to replenish moisture in dry skin types by applying thick creams while oily skin types should use thin lotions or serums that do not clog the pores. Also, anti-ageing and skin lightening ingredients do not work effectively with sun exposure so they should be applied at night. Retinoic acid is the most effective anti-ageing ingredients that does wonders on oily skin types as it not only retards fine lines, but it gives a glow to skin and also reduces oil secretions. On the other hand, dry skin types can try vitamin C or hyaluronic based anti-ageing products. Pigmented skin types should look for skin lightening ingredients in their night creams while sensitive skin types need anti-inflammatory ingredients.  Just a word of caution… all the active anti-ageing and skin lightening ingredients get deactivated when it is in contact with air and water.  Therefore, they should be packed in an opaque and airtight container rather than an open jar.

Sundays is a day when you should relax and can spare a few minutes for a two-step home facials that has a gentle scrubbing followed by a face pack.

  1. Exfoliation:

With age the cell cycle shortens and dead cells are retained on the surface giving a  dull and patchy look. Exfoliation removes these dead cells to give an even toned look.

Scrubbing removes the dead outermost layer of skin and can lead to micro-trauma to skin.

  1. A gentle, non-apricot based containing micro beads scrubs are better.
  2.  Avoid over scrubbing as is done in parlors.
  3. Chemical peels can be done every two to four weeks by a Dermatologist. It’s an excellent way to achieve facial rejuvenation that will…
    1. Improve dull, patchy and tanned skin.
    2. Remove superficial blemishes, skin wrinkles, scars, spots and freckles.

The Author of this article is Dr Surbhi, MD Skin. Currently, she is working on a Dermato-awareness campaign by writing blogs on skin and hair care (Dermatocare Blog) and posting  skin and hair care updates on her Facebook page (Dermatocare Facebook page) Her mission is to provide customized information and product recommendation based on skin types.

Sukhin Chawla

Broadcaster/ Writer

Sukhin Chawla is a freelancer writer in United States and have an experience of creative writing in more than three years. Sukhin also worked as a Broadcaster in National Television in India for two years.